THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN RISK FACTORS AND OBESITY OF THE INDONESIAN JAVANESE
J Aging Res Clin Practice 2012;1(3):188-192
Background: Obesity mainly in elderly people has a role in increasing degenerative diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, and atheroscleross. Objective: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of obesity and its risk factors in The Javanese elderly people. Design: A cross sectional study towards nutritional status. Setting: Yogyakarta, Surabaya, and Semarang Cities represented urban areas, while for the rural areas represented by Magetan, Gunung Kidul, and Wonogiri Districts. Participants: The indicators of obesity towards 812 elderly Javanese (consisting of 295 men and 517 women) in December 2007. Measurement: Anthropometry measured using Omron Body Fat Analyzer HBF 352, microtoise, and SECA. Results: More than one fourth of respondents were obese (32.1%) and the others were normal weight (57.7%), and underweight (10.2%). High level of body fat percentage was twice higher (80.7%) than the high level of visceral fat (39.5%). The composition of respondents in the rural areas (55.5%) were almost similar to the urban areas (45.5%). Majority of respondents were female (63.7%) with low education (59.2%). Low to middle level of energy expenditure were mostly spent when they were aged 25 and 55 years of age. Most of respondents had lack of energy, protein, and fat intakes when they aged 25 and 55 years of aged. Rural and urban areas, gender, and employment status when the elderly aged 25 had a significant relationship with BMI (p <0.01). Significant relationships were also found between BMI with visceral fat and percent body fat (p <0.01). Female elderly people has the probability twice higher to be obese than male. Conclusion: Obesity need to be aware by the elderly people mainly female including risk factors because of their role in the increased incidence of obese elderly although underweight was still found in among the same population group..