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M.C.B. de Souza, G. da Silva Rocha, E. de Souza Sampaio, P.C. de Oliveira Garcia Rodrigues, R.A. Vieira, A.F. Souza Gomes, T.R. Pereira de Brito

J Aging Res & Lifestyle 2024;13:82-87

BACKGROUND: Metabolic Syndrome is a set of disorders that characterized by the association of three or more risk factors, like the obesity central, dyslipidemia, borderline blood pressure, hyperglycemia, and the increase of triglycerides. However, these factors also can be associated with pathophysiology of frailty. OBJECTIVES: verifying whether the metabolic syndrome is associated to the positive frailty screening in the older people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Participants: 443 older people living in Rio Branco, Brazil. SETTING: Data collection was carried out in two stages: a personal interview and blood collection. MEASUREMENTS: The diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was based on the criteria of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. The frailty screening was performed using subjective questions validated in a previous study. Descriptive statistics and multinomial logistic regression were used for data analyses. RESULTS: There was a predominance of female older people (69.07%), aged between 60 and 79 years (87.13%), with an income greater than or equal to one minimum wage (72.09%), no cognitive decline (75.94%) and depressive symptoms (63.31%), independent for BADL (86.46%) and dependent for IADL (51.69%). From the total sample, 56.88% of the older people were identified as frail, 34.09% pre-frail and 9.03% non frail. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 51.69%. After adjusting by the independent variables, an association between metabolic syndrome and pre-frailty was observed, and older people with metabolic syndrome were more likely to be prefrail (RRR=2.36; 95%CI=1.08-5.18). CONCLUSION: The metabolic syndrome was associated to the increase chance of screening for prefrailty in the older people evaluated, which reinforces the needy to establish preventive measures in relation to the metabolic syndrome to avoid frailty in the older people.

M.C.B. de Souza ; G. da Silva Rocha ; E. de Souza Sampaio ; P.C. de Oliveira Garcia Rodrigues ; R.A. Vieira ; A.F. Souza Gomes ; T.R. Pereira de Brito (2024): Metabolic Syndrome and Positive Frailty Screening: A Cross-Sectional Study with Community-Dwelling Older Adults. The Journal of Aging and Lifestyle (JARLife). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jarlife.2024.12


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