FIT & STRONG! PLUS: DESCRIPTIVE DEMOGRAPHIC AND RISK CHARACTERISTICS IN A COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS TRIAL FOR OLDER AFRICAN-AMERICAN ADULTS WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS
M. L Fitzgibbon, L. Tussing-Humphreys, L. Schiffer, R. Smith-Ray, A.D. Demott, M. Martinez, M.L. Berbaum, G.M. Huber, S.L. Hughes
J Aging Res Clin Practice 2018;7:9-16
Objectives: The prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) has increased in the US. We report on a comparative effectiveness trial that compares Fit & Strong!, an existing evidence-based physical activity (PA) program, to Fit & Strong! Plus, which combines the Fit & Strong! intervention with a weight management intervention. Methods: Participants included 413 overweight/obese (BMI 25-50 kg/m²) adults with lower extremity (LE) OA. The majority of the sample was African-American and female. Both interventions met 3 times weekly for 8 weeks. Primary measures included diet and weight. Results: The baseline mean BMI for all participants was 34.8 kg/m², percentage of calories from fat was high, and self-reported PA was low. Discussion: This sample of overweight/obese African-American adults had lifestyle patterns at baseline that were less than healthful, and there were differences between self-report and performance-based measures as a function of age.
M. L Fitzgibbon ; L. Tussing-Humphreys ; L. Schiffer ; R. Smith-Ray ; A.D. Demott ; M. Martinez ; M.L. Berbaum ; G.M. Huber ; S.L. Hughes (2018): Fit & Strong! Plus: Descriptive demographic and risk characteristics in a comparative effectiveness trial for older African-American adults with osteoarthritis. The Journal of Aging Research and Clinical Practice (JARCP). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jarcp.2018.3