PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE ITALIAN VERSION OF RESILIENCE SCALE IN ADULTS AND ELDERLY HEALTHY SUBJECTS
N. Girtler, F. De Carli, J. Accardo, D. Arnaldi, M. Cutolo, B. Dessi, F. Famà, M. Ferrara, F. Nobili, A. Picco, A. Brugnolo
J Aging Res Clin Practice 2014;3(2):82-88
Background: Resilience is a complex personality characteristic of people facing a significant change, adversity, distress, acute or chronic disease. The Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale is an appropriate instrument to study resilience and has been already validated in the Italian young-adult population. Objective: To verify psychometric properties of the Italian version of the RS scale in adults and elderly healthy subjects. Design: The participants filled out RS questionnaire; statistical analysis was performed to evaluate psychometric properties of the scale. Setting: University of Genoa: courses reserved for elderly people and Clinical Neurology outpatients’ department. Participants: 178 adults and elderly healthy subjects. Measurement: The Italian version of RS scale and three associate questionnaire (General Health Questionnaire, Ego-Resilience Scale, Beck Depression Inventory) were used to assess concurrent validity of RS, its reliability, stability, internal consistency and concurrent validity. Results: Time stability was assessed in a sub-sample of 48 subjects (Mean age = 68.89 yr, SD 7.54) by test-retest correlation (r=0.80). RS reliability was evaluated in the whole sample of 178 subjects (Mean age = 63.92 yr, SD 14.6) with an RS mean score of 138.43 (SD 14.6). Internal consistency was evaluated by Cronbach alpha (α=0.86). Concurrent validity was assessed by correlation with General Health Questionnaire (r=-0.45), Ego-Resilience Scale (r=0.59) and Beck Depression Inventory (r=-0.31). Principal component analysis resulted into six components, labelled according to the best association with the five components hypothesized by Wagnild and Young (i.e.: meaningfulness, self-reliance, perseverance, existential aloneness, equanimity a and b). Conclusion: Our data indicate that the Italian version of the RS scale is a reliable tool in the adults and elderly subjects in order to promote interventions and stress-management to improve resilience and facilitate successful aging.
N. Girtler ; F. De Carli ; J. Accardo ; D. Arnaldi ; M. Cutolo ; B. Dessi ; F. Famà ; M. Ferrara ; F. Nobili ; A. Picco ; A. Brugnolo (2014): PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE ITALIAN VERSION OF RESILIENCE SCALE IN ADULTS AND ELDERLY HEALTHY SUBJECTS. The Journal of Aging Research and Clinical Practice (JARCP). http://dx.doi.org/10.14283/jarcp.2014.16