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RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY COMPOSITION AND BONE MASS IN ELDERLY EGYPTIAN WITH PRIMARY OSTEOPOROSIS

A.K. Mortagy, S.A. Hamza, S.M.S. El Said, M.Z. Abdelwadoud, A.H. Mohammed, M.S.S. Elaraby

J Aging Res Clin Practice 2013;2(1):35-38

Objectives: To detect the relationship between body composition and primary osteoporosis in elderly Egyptian. Method: A case control study performed among 100 elderly participants divided into two groups; a case group comprised 50 elderly patients with osteoporosis and 50 elderly as control group. Each participant was subjected to clinical examination, evaluation of bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition, laboratory investigations to exclude secondary osteoporosis. Results: Body Mass Index (BMI) was significantly more among the control group (P< 0.5). Total fat mass (TFM), fat percentage (FP) was significantly more among the control group. On the other hand lean percentage was significantly higher among cases (P<0.05). Significant correlations between; TFM with BMD in L2-4, and BMD of neck femur and BMD in L2-4(P<0.05) were found. Highly significant correlation between serum albumin and calcium and femur T score. Conclusion: BMD is highly correlated with weight and BMI and elements of body composition including total fat mass and fat percentage. There is positive correlation between serum calcium and albumin level with BMD.

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